When you get sick lots of people – doctors, nurses, family, and friends – will be wanting you to get better. To get better you will need to interact with the health care system, and sometimes it’s not clear who is supposed to do what, and why. A lot can go wrong if we don’t get this right. You might get treatment you don’t want and can’t benefit from (yes it does happen), or you might not get what you do want and can benefit from (yes, this happens too). If we don’t get this right there are consequences for you, and for the system. So how do we get it right? In Ontario the Health Consent Care Act tells us. This is what you need to know.